THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMOKING CONTROL IN COMMUNITY USING ECONOMIC SUFFICIENCY THEORY OF THE KING RAMA IX MODEL ON LEARNING EXPERIENCE OF COMMUNITY RESIDENTS
Background: In Thailand, smoking is harmful to smokers by many aspects such as health, social, culture, economy, and spiritual. Economic sufficiency theory is suitable to solve the problem because it affects all perspective of human well-being.
Purpose: This study aims to develop the model of smoking control in community using economic sufficiency theory of the King RAMA IX.
Method: The method of the study use PDCA cycle as; 1) analyzed the problem situation of smoking, 2) cooperated with peoples in community to plan for problem solving, 3) implemented the plan for control smoking by cooperated with Primary Care Unit, community leaders, smokers, families, people, health volunteers and municipality of Tambon Bookrang. Study data was collected using participation learning record, in depth interview, participant observation, focus group, field note and content analysis related community documents. This is participatory two-year longitudinal study. The data was analyzed by categorizing data and concluding significant knowledge issues from each step of learning process.
Result: Finding revealed experience and knowledge emerging through research process due to reflecting problems in the real situation. Furthermore, people learn to solve problem by themselves and work together that is consistent with lifestyle and contexts of community based on economic sufficiency theory including as follow 1) self-analysis for identifying smoking situation 2) performing wisdom lifestyle and smoking control 3) be strong living without smoking and have mutual goal of well-being.
Implication: Other communities can use results of this study to implement for smoking control for enhancing health and well-being.