A MODEL FOR HUMANISTIC NURSING LEARNING OUTCOME DEVELOPMENT FOR THAI NURSING STUDENTS
Respect of human is clearly stated in professional nursing code of conduct. This reflects the need for developing humanistic learning among nursing students as soon as they enter the nursing education system. The Office of the Higher Education Commission (OHEC) mandates this learning outcome in its Thailand Qualification Framework (TQF). Boromarajonani College of Nursing Nakhon Lampang (BCNLP) recognizes this in its vision statement. This article presents a model to develop humanistic learning outcomes among undergraduate nursing students throughout its curriculum at BCNLP.The authors reviewed related literature, conducted focus group discussions with teaching staff and students, organized workshops, drafted a framework for humanistic learning development, developed guidelines for implementing this framework and evaluation plan. The model consists of two frameworks: 1) a general supporting framework based on the work of Aloni (2011) and 2) a specific humanistic learning framework. The supporting framework deals with a system approach to support humanistic learning development. It addresses seven aspects of the systems: student personality development, social climate, empowering dialogues, family and community involvement, general education foundations, learning to live and living to learn, and aesthetic and hospitable environments. The specific framework deals with the developmental approach to humanistic learning. It addresses learning outcomes specific to nursing students in different years of learning. For first year nursing students, the focus is on developing awareness and respect toward oneself and the others. Building on previous learning, we add knowledge skills about human integrity into learning in the second year. The third and fourth year students will add holistic humanistic nursing and humanistic leadership to their learning respectively. The two frameworks are being implemented at BCNLP and evaluation is pending.