Main Article Content
21st century learning emphasizes on human thought and analysis to enhance the inspiration of learners to solve problems, and to reflect critically in various situations with self-awareness and mindfulness. Mindfulness is derived from the Buddhist practice and is fundamentally concerned with the development of present moment awareness. The process of critical self-reflection which is seen in exemplary depends on the presence of mindfulness. The development of nursing education model in the 21st century learning focuses on encouraging learners to learn to become self-aware, self-regulated mindfulness and critical reflection.
The instructor applied the concept of mindfulness and critical reflection to develop the transformative learning in nursing education: 1)Emphasis on teaching to develop mindfulness such as: encourage meditation (breathe deeply) in daily routine, paying attention in class, increasing intentional awareness, focusing on the present moment and non-judgmentally. 2)Question method with communicative didactic dialogues to stimulate their critical reflection 3)The application of different teaching methods to stimulate critical reflection processes includes: Coaching & Mentoring, Role playing, Constructive Teaching & Learning, Story-telling, Palliative Care Learning and Project Based Learning. Finally, the literature review found that, mindfulness was linked to critical reflection and triggered transformative learning, to cultivate nursing capability of nursing students, leading to the creation of their own learning, and affect the development of quality healthcare services in the future.