SITUATION OF TOBACCO SMOKING AND HUMANISTIC PERSPECTIVE IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION STUDENT OF PRAPUTHABAT DISTRICT, SARABURI PROVINCE, THAILAND
Tobacco smoking situation of non-formal education student trend to increasing in the past and now. Smoking is a major issue in public health problem and lead to many perspectives of human such as physical health, mental health, cognition, coping, body image, relationship, family, economic, and occupation. Therefore, the study of tobacco smoking situation and the solution of helping people who have dependent tobacco especially people who are non-formal education student in community. Moreover, the prevention and control both tobacco and other substances such as amphetamine, alcohol, ice, marijuana and illegal drugs and the health policy is a vital regulation at nation and international level.
Method: Objectives of this study aims to study the smoking situation and to find the solution of helping non-formal education student to stop the tobacco smoking in Phraputhabat district, Saraburi province, Thailand. Research design was descriptive study. Population of this study were 114 of nonformal students. Instrument consisted of the general data questionnaire, nicotine addiction questionnaire, focus group guideline, self-reflective report. Data collection gathered from December 2016 to Februar 2017. Data analysis used the number, percentage, maximum, minimum and standard deviation.
Results: The result of this study found that male was 37.50%, female was 62.50%, average of age was 20 years, maximum age was 60 years and minimum age was 15 years, place of birth in Saraburi province was 100%, employee was 40.00%, agriculture was 20.00% and unemployed was 40.00%, studying primary level was 35.72% and studying secondary level was 64.28% and smoking was 26.79% and non-smoking was 73,21%. In addition, the result of focus group and self-reflective report found that
smoking student lack of concentration, lack of goal of life, low learning outcome, low self-esteem and self-confidence. In family member, found that lack of knowledge about how to advice their children to stop smoking and the policy of school have the weak point of policy such as no space of smoking areas, no sign of stop smoking, and no teaching about tobacco control in content of study and influencing of their friend. Furthermore, in community found that they have many people who used tobacco because there are many convenient stores at community. Therefore, participants can easily to buy cigarette by themselves and they accustomed to use cigarette in daily life.
Conclusion: non-formal education student in this study smoked 26.79% and there faced with many problems such as lack of conce ntration, lack of goal of life, low learning outcome, low self-esteem, self-confidence, lack feelings of wholeness and no mature of emotional control. Therefore, person who with concern should prevent non-formal education student both smoke and non-smoke in order to quit smoking and promote the humanistic approach such as quality of life, learning outcome, high self-esteem and self confidence in non-formal education student in Phraputhabat district, Saraburi province, Thailand.